PIP: Rapid population growth in Kenya and high fertility impacts negatively on economic development. The growth and high fertility results in declines in gross national product, per capita food consumption, and land quality; a high dependency ratio; urban crowding; and inadequate health systems.
What problems are caused by the rapid growth of population?
Rapid growth has led to uncontrolled urbanization, which has produced overcrowding, destitution, crime, pollution, and political turmoil. Rapid growth has outstripped increases in food production, and population pressure has led to the overuse of arable land and its destruction.
What is the reason for Kenya to have high population growth rate?
There are two reasons. First, due to high fertility in previous decades, there are many more families in Kenya today. So even though families are smaller, the total number of children continues to grow. Second, Kenyans are living longer.
What are 3 problems that happened as a result of the sudden population growth in the cities?
Congestion, pollution, crime, and disease were prevalent problems in all urban centers; city planners and inhabitants alike sought new solutions to the problems caused by rapid urban growth. Living conditions for most working-class urban dwellers were atrocious.
What are the consequences of population growth?
Environment Rapid Population Growth Leads to Environmental Damage: Scarcity of land due to rapidly increasing population pushes large number of people to ecologically sensitive areas such as hillsides and tropical forests.
What are 4 factors that affect population growth?
Population growth is based on four fundamental factors: birth rate, death rate, immigration, and emigration.
What are the causes and effects of population growth?
Poverty is believed to be the leading cause of overpopulation. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population.
What is the leading cause of death in Kenya?
Main causes of deaths in Kenya 2019
HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections were the most frequent cause of casualties in Kenya as of 2019, with a rate of almost 104 deaths per 100,000. That year, Kenya was the fourth country worldwide with the highest number of AIDS-related deaths.
What causes population growth?
Population grows at different rates in different countries because of factors like birth rate, mortality rate, fertility rate, and net migration. … Population growth increases the likelihood of poverty, conflict, extremism and destruction of the ecological system.
What are positive effects of population growth?
However, I believe that population growth has positive effects on societies. These include economic benefits such as expansion of tax bases and increased consumer spending at local businesses, as well as benefits derived from innovations by cultures seeking to keep up with growing populations.
What are the five factors that affect population?
Factors influencing population growth
- Economic development. …
- Education. …
- Quality of children. …
- Welfare payments/State pensions. …
- Social and cultural factors. …
- Availability of family planning. …
- Female labour market participation. …
- Death rates – Level of medical provision.
How does rapid population growth affect the environment?
Population growth is the increase in the number of people living in a particular area. Since populations can grow exponentially, resource depletion can occur rapidly, leading to specific environmental concerns such as global warming, deforestation and decreasing biodiversity.
How does rapid population growth affect the overall development of a country?
A high rate of population growth not only has an adverse impact on improvement in food supplies, but also intensifies the constraints on development of savings, foreign exchange, and human resources. Rapid population growth tends to depress savings per capita and retards growth of physical capital per worker.
What are 3 problems caused by overpopulation?
Fatal Effects of Overpopulation
- Depletion of Natural Resources. The effects of overpopulation are quite severe. …
- Degradation of Environment. …
- Conflicts and Wars. …
- Rise in Unemployment. …
- High Cost of Living. …
- Pandemics and Epidemics. …
- Malnutrition, Starvation and Famine. …
- Water Shortage.
Why population growth is bad?
“given that there is a fixed quantity of land, population growth will eventually reduce the amount of resources that each individual can consume, ultimately resulting in disease, starvation, and war.”