Ethiopia has had four constitutions: 1931 Constitution of Ethiopia. 1955 Constitution of Ethiopia. 1987 Constitution of Ethiopia.
What is the difference between 1931 and 1995 constitution of Ethiopia?
1931 was the first written constitution in the history of the country,and revised in 1955 with in the same regime.In 1987 the new constitution was established by another regime. The 1995 Constitution of Ethiopian is a new constitution that come up with Federalism in Ethiopia.
Who wrote the first Ethiopian constitution?
To educate them on constitutional theory, he called the leading members of both groups to an assembly where its principal author, Tekle Hawariat, delivered a lengthy speech which not only described the contents of the document, but expounded a theory of constitutional law.
How many articles are there in the 1987 Derg Constitution?
The document, which established the normative foundations of the republic, consisted of seventeen chapters and 119 articles.
What are the 18 articles of 1987 Constitution?
The Constitution is divided into 18 Articles: National Territory (I); Declaration of Principles and State Policies Principles (II); Bill of Rights (III); Citizenship (IV); Suffrage (V); Legislative Department (VI); Executive Department (VII); Judicial Department (VIII); Constitutional Commissions (IX); Local Government …
What are the three features of constitution?
Three main characteristics of a constitution are treated: (1) a constitution is a supreme law of the land, (2) a constitution is a framework for government; (3) a constitution is a legitimate way to grant and limit pow- ers of government officials.
What is the main purpose of constitution?
Constitution of a country is the accumulation of documents and articles that make up a big document which we call the Constitution. It holds the ultimate existence of the nation and its people. The main aim of the constitution is to make sure that the people and the government get the rights they were promised for.
What is the first written constitution?
The American Constitution was the first complete written national constitution.
Who wrote 1987 Constitution?
Constitution of the Philippines
|Constitution of the Philippines Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas|
|Commissioned by||Revolutionary Government of Corazon Aquino|
|Author(s)||Constitutional Commission of 1986|
|Signatories||47 of the 48 commissioners|
|Supersedes||Presidential Proclamation No. 3|
What are the types of constitution?
Types of Constitution
- Written and unwritten constitution. …
- Flexible and Rigid Constitution. …
- Unitary and Federal Constitution. …
- Democratic constitution. …
- Republican and Monarchical constitution. …
- Presidential and parliamentary constitution.
What is the difference between written and unwritten constitution?
Written constitution is found in legal documents duly enacted in the form of laws. An unwritten constitution consists of principles of the government that have never been enacted in the form of laws. It is precise, definite and systematic.
What are the characteristics of 1987 Constitution?
The 1987 Constitution established a representative democracy with power divided among three separate and independent branches of government: the Executive, a bicameral Legislature, and the Judiciary.
What is shengo?
The supreme organ of state power was the National Shengo (National Assembly). … Balloting for seats in the National Shengo was required to be secret, and all individuals eighteen years of age and above were eligible to vote. Elected members served five-year terms, and the body met in regular session once each year.
What is the purpose of the first 3 articles?
The first three articles establish the three branches of government and their powers: Legislative (Congress), Executive (office of the President,) and Judicial (Federal court system). A system of checks and balances prevents any one of these separate powers from becoming dominant.
What is Article 18 of the Constitution?
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
What are the 10 Bill of Rights?
Bill of Rights – The Really Brief Version
|1||Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.|
|7||Right of trial by jury in civil cases.|
|8||Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.|
|9||Other rights of the people.|
|10||Powers reserved to the states.|