Macadamia nut is an important high value export market cash crop and is mostly produced in Central, Eastern, Rift Valley and Coast Provinces in Kenya.
Where is macadamia grown in Kenya?
Macadamia nuts (Macadamia integrifolia and Macadamia hybrids) are grown in Central (Kiambu [7%], Muranga [17.2%], Nyeri [5.8%], Kirinyaga [4.4%]), Eastern (Embu [(36.5%)], Meru [11.8%], Tharaka Nithi [5.5%], Machakos [7.8%], Western (Bungoma, Kakamega), Nyanza (Kisii, Nyamira), Rift Valley (Baringo [(2.4%)], Trans …
How long does macadamia take to grow in Kenya?
Production of Macadamia in Kenya
After flowering the nuts takes about 6-8 months to mature. Some grafted varieties of macadamias begin bearing within 2 years-3 years. A young tree raised from a seedling without grafting takes at least 7 years to fruit, while the grafted trees takes 2-3 years to start bearing fruits.
Where are most macadamia nuts grown?
While macadamia nuts originate and are grown in Australia, commercial production is mainly in Hawaii. Some countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia also grow macadamia nuts, while trees can be found in California and Florida for the continental United States.
How profitable is macadamia farming in Kenya?
In 2018, exports of macadamia kernel had a value of KES 1,380 per kilo, making it 1 of the most lucrative cash crops in Kenya after tea. The bulk of Kenyan macadamia is produced by about 200,000 smallholder farmers.
How long does it take for a macadamia tree to bear fruit?
Macadamia nut trees can begin bearing in 6 to 7 years, so it is important to put a little time and effort into the tree’s care for the first phase of its life.
How much does a macadamia tree produce?
At about five years of age a macadamia tree will yield 1kg per tree per year, to more than 20kg per tree per year at year 12, or 7 tonnes per ha of nut-in-shell. Harvest runs from March to September. Trees naturally drop nuts, which are then harvested from the ground.
How much is macadamia nuts in Kenya?
The prices of macadamia nuts in Kenya per tonne for the years 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 were US$ 10,371.67, US$ 12,155.29, US$ 13,609.32 and US$ 13,586.43 respectively.
What climate do macadamias grow in?
Macadamia Quick Reference Growing Chart
|Native To:||Australia||Soil Type:|
|Hardiness (USDA Zone):||9-11 (subtropical-tropical)||Soil pH:|
|Season:||Year round||Soil Drainage:|
|Sun:||Full sun to part shade||Companion Planting:|
|Time to Maturity:||50-60 days, depending on cultivar||Family:|
Can I plant a macadamia nut?
Macadamia nut trees can be grown on deep, well-drained soils with a pH of 5.0-6.5 or on well-drained a’a lava land that is sufficiently weathered to support natural vegetation.
|Crop Knowledge Master||Search by: Crop|
|Macadamia Other Names: Smooth-Shell Macadamia Nut, Queensland Nut||Fruits and Nuts|
Why is macadamia nuts so expensive?
But why are macadamia nuts so expensive? The main reason is the slow harvesting process. While there are ten species of macadamia trees, only 2 produce the pricey nuts and it takes seven to 10 years for the trees to even begin producing nuts. … They’re only harvested five to six times a year, typically by hand.
How many macadamia nuts should you eat a day?
A healthy handful of macadamias is about 30g or 15 whole nuts. We should all strive to eat at least one healthy handful per day. But there’s no reason why you can’t eat more. Several studies have shown that 30g of nuts a day will provide heart-health benefits without weight gain17.
Can you eat macadamia nuts off the tree?
You may be tempted to shake the tree to loosen nuts, but don’t. Macadamia branches are on the brittle side, and you may injure them. In addition, unripe nuts may fall. … You may inadvertently catch it on unripe fruit, causing it to fall.
How much is 1kg of macadamia nuts?
South Africa Macadamia Nuts Prices
Before 2019, a kilo of macadamia nuts was going for US$2.24 in 2017 and US$2.86 in 2018. In 2019 the export price changed to $2.75 per kilo, by -3.775%.
How long does grafted macadamia take to mature?
How long does grafted macadamia take to mature? Grafted macadamia trees start fruiting after 2 years and reach an economic production in the third year. At this time, a tree would give you 20 to 30 kilos of nuts per harvest.
Is growing macadamia nuts profitable?
Thanks to a strong demand, growers can expect about $1.25 per pound for the California variety. At this rate of return, an average orchard can, conservatively, gross upwards of $7,000 to $8,000 an acre per year–an impressive total even though harvest, other labor-related costs and initial investments must be deducted.