How many vegetation belt do we have in Nigeria?

Nigeria currently has two broad belts of vegetation; however, there are other smaller belts like the isolated mountain vegetation of the high plateau regions.

How many vegetation zone do we have in Nigeria?

In terms of vegetation structure, Nigeria can be divided into nine vegetation zones (Siynabola et al., 2003). Out of these, five are forest formations and four are savanna formations (Figure 1). The forest types are mangrove, freshwater swamp, lowland rain forest, riparian, and montane forests respectively.

What are the vegetation belts in Nigeria?

Vegetation belts in Nigeria reflect the tight link between the vegetation and the country’s climate:

  • Rainforest;
  • Fresh Water Swamp;
  • Sahel Savanna;
  • Short Grass Savanna;
  • Guinea Savanna;
  • Woodland;
  • Marginal Savanna;
  • Mangrove;


What is the largest vegetation zone in Nigeria?

Guinea Savannah

This is the largest vegetation zone in the country. The Guinea Savannah covers almost half of the territory of Nigeria.

What are the four main vegetation in Nigeria?

Nigeria is among the top largest countries in Africa in relation to population and land area. The diversity of the vegetation landscape (Sahel savanna, Sudan savanna, Guinea savanna, Rainforest, montane forest, derived/woody forest, mangrove forest and fresh-water swamp forest) makes it a biodiversity rich country.

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Is there a savanna in Nigeria?

The tropical savanna climate (Aw) or tropical wet and dry climate is extensive in area and covers most of western to central Nigeria, where it exerts enormous influence on the region. … A hot semi-arid climate (BSh) is predominant within the Sahel in the northern part of Nigeria. Annual rainfall totals are low.

What are the six vegetation zones in Nigeria?

The ecological zones in Nigeria are based on Keay (1949), and are defined from South to North as follows: Mangrove Swamp and Coastal Vegetation, Freshwater Swamp Forest, Lowland Rain Forest, Derived Savanna, Guinea Savanna, Sudan Savanna, and Sahel Savanna.

What are the two major types of vegetation?

The way we define what type of vegetation we are dealing with is by analyzing the dominant species occupying and creating the area.

  1. Ice Sheets.
  2. Deserts. …
  3. Tundras. …
  4. Grasslands. …
  5. Forests. Forests can emerge in almost any kind of terrain, and they can develop anywhere between sea level and high mountain ranges. …


What are the 4 types of vegetation?

Types of Natural Vegetation in India

  • Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests.
  • Deciduous or Monsoon Type of Forests.
  • Dry Deciduous Forests.
  • Mountain Forests.
  • Tidal or Mangrove Forests.
  • Semi-Desert and Desert Vegetations.


What are the four types of vegetation?

The growth of vegetation depends on temperature and moisture. It also depends on factors like slope and thickness of soil. It is categorized into three broad categories: Forest, grassland and shrubs. It is also called tropical rainforests and occurs in the regions near the equator and close to the tropics.

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Where is the coldest place in Nigeria?

It is located on Nigeria’s border with Cameroon Republic. It has a temperate climate, with a mean air temperature of 17.5 °C (63.5 °F). It is among the coldest towns in Nigeria.

Country Nigeria
State Taraba State
LGA Sardauna
Elevation 1,661 m (5,449 ft)

What are the types of vegetation?

Vegetation regions can be divided into five major types: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet.

How old are grasslands?

Around 5 million years ago during the Late Miocene in the New World and the Pliocene in the Old World, the first true grasslands occurred. Existing forest biomes declined, and grasslands became much more widespread.

What are the factors affecting vegetation?

Factors that affect natural vegetation of a place are:

  • Land. Land affects the growth of natural vegetation as different kinds of vegetation grow on mountains, plateaus, plains and in deserts. …
  • Soil. Soil determines the growth of different types of vegetation. …
  • Temperature. …
  • Photoperiod. …
  • Precipitation.

What is the importance of vegetation in Nigeria?

Vegetation releases oxygen and sequesters carbon. Vegetation affects soil development over time, generally contributing to a more productive soil. Vegetation provides wildlife habitat and food.

What is a natural vegetation?

Natural vegetation refers to a plant community, which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time. This is termed as a virgin vegetation. Thus, cultivated crops and fruits, orchards form part of vegetation but not natural vegetation.

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