The lowest courts in the country are all state courts (there is no federal court in this group). They include (i) the Magistrate Courts that handle English law cases (ii) the Customary Courts that handle Customary law cases and (iii) the Sharia Courts that handle Sharia law cases.
What is the order of courts from highest to lowest?
The federal court system has three main levels: district courts (the trial court), circuit courts which are the first level of appeal, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system.
How many types of court are in Nigeria?
There are eight types of courts in Nigeria and each of them performs specific functions.
What is the lowest court in the judicial branch?
Disagreements and trials may start in the lower courts. These lower courts are called federal district courts. There are federal district courts in every state and in the District of Columbia.
Which court is highest?
The Supreme Court is the highest and final superior court of record and is empowered to exercise its powers, subject to the provisions of the Constitution.
What are two kinds of legal cases?
3. Two kinds of legal cases are civil and criminal cases.
Which court hears the most cases?
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the federal system. The Supreme Court is often called “the highest court in the land” because it hears appeals from state courts as well as federal courts. The Supreme Court has nine justices and begins its term on the first Monday in October of each year.
What are the 7 types of law?
Terms in this set (7)
- The Constitution. supreme body of laws that govern our country.
- Statutory law. written or codified law such as legislative acts, declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something.
- Common or Case Law. …
- Civil Law (Private law) …
- Criminal Law. …
- Equity Law. …
- Administrative Law.
What is the highest law in Nigeria?
The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the country.
Who gave Nigeria name?
Like so many modern African states, Nigeria is the creation of European imperialism. Its very name – after the great Niger River, the country’s dominating physical feature – was suggested in the 1890s by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later became the wife of colonial governor Frederick Lugard.
What is the judicial branch responsible for?
The judicial branch is in charge of deciding the meaning of laws, how to apply them to real situations, and whether a law breaks the rules of the Constitution. The Constitution is the highest law of our Nation. The U.S. Supreme Court, the highest court in the United States, is part of the judicial branch.
Who is head of the judicial branch of the government?
The head of the judicial branch is the Chief Justice of California.
Why is the judicial branch the most powerful?
The federal courts’ most important power is that of judicial review, the authority to interpret the Constitution. When federal judges rule that laws or government actions violate the spirit of the Constitution, they profoundly shape public policy.
Is Crown Court higher than magistrates?
Virtually all criminal court cases start in a magistrates’ court, and around 95% will be completed there. The more serious offences are passed on to the Crown Court, either for sentencing after the defendant has been found guilty in a magistrates’ court, or for full trial with a judge and jury.
What does the judge do?
In cases with a jury, the judge is responsible for insuring that the law is followed, and the jury determines the facts. In cases without a jury, the judge also is the finder of fact. A judge is an elected or appointed official who conducts court proceedings.
What is the income of Supreme Court judge?
Allowances: Under the two Acts, a sumptuary allowance is paid to judges of the High Court and the Supreme Court to compensate for expenses incurred on account of entertaining visitors.
|Designation||Present (Rs)||Proposed (Rs)|
|Chief Justice of India||1,00,000||2,80,000|
|Other Judges of the Supreme Court||90,000||2,50,000|