They were strategically important for both the Western Allies and the Axis powers. The Axis powers aimed to deprive the Allies of access to Middle Eastern oil supplies, to secure and increase Axis access to the oil, and to cut off Britain from the material and human resources of its empire in Asia and Africa.
Why was the campaign in North Africa important to the Axis powers?
The battle for North Africa was a struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia. Oil in particular had become a critical strategic commodity due to the increased mechanization of modern armies.
Why was the campaign in northern Africa so important?
The North African Campaign was fought mainly for two reasons. The first was the Suez Canal, which was crucial to controlling the Middle East. The second was Middle Eastern oil resources. … Italian forces became a potential threat to Allied supply routes in the Red Sea and the Suez Canal.
Why was the Battle of North Africa so key to victory for both the allies and axes powers *?
The field of supplies from North Africa was a critical factor for both the Allies and the Axis powers. It was the Allied success in the Mediterranean that enabled them to land an enormous force in the Torch landings and equip the Eighth Army to defeat the Afrika Korps at El Alamein in September 1942.
Why was the Battle of El Alamein important to both the Allied and the Axis powers?
The Allied victory was the beginning of the end of the Western Desert Campaign, eliminating the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields. The battle revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941.
Why did the US choose to land in North Africa before continental Europe?
Why did the United States choose to land in North Africa before continental Europe? A. U.S. troops could safely land in North Africa since it was controlled by the Allies. … North Africa was allied with the Soviet Union, making an alliance convenient.
Why did Germany invade North Africa in WWII?
The war in Africa was to play a key role in the overall success of the Allies in World War Two. … By 1941, the Italian army had been all but beaten and Hitler had to send German troops to North Africa to clear out Allied troops. The German force was lead by Erwin Rommel – one of the finest generals of the war.
Which side was successful in North Africa How did it affect the war in Europe?
The Allied victory in North Africa destroyed or neutralized nearly 900,000 German and Italian troops, opened a second front against the Axis, permitted the invasion of Sicily and the Italian mainland in the summer of 1943, and removed the Axis threat to the oilfields of the Middle East and to British supply lines to …
Did Germany invade Egypt?
When, early in 1942, German forces threatened to invade Egypt, a second British intervention—often termed the 4 February Incident—compelled King Farouk to accept al-Naḥḥās as his prime minister. The Wafd, its power confirmed by overwhelming success in the general election of March 1942, cooperated with Britain.
Why did Germany lose North Africa?
The Axis defeat at El Alamein meant that North Africa would be lost to Hitler and Mussolini. The defeat was due to a variety of factors. These included insufficient Axis numbers, overextended supply lines, and Allied air superiority.
What is the difference between Allied and Axis powers?
Difference Between Allied and Axis Powers
The Allies of World War 2 were the countries that fought against the Axis powers during the conflict. The Axis powers were the nations that fought in World War 2 against the Allies.
Why did the Allies win the war?
From this perspective, the Allies won because their benign, more-integrated societies allowed them to totally mobilize for war, while the conservative, even reactionary attitudes of the Nazis and the Japanese ensured that they lost. … In World War II, the Allies outfought the Axis on land, in the air, and at sea.
Could the Axis powers have won the war?
The Axis could never defeat the remote, enormous, and industrially powerful United States, so they needed to defeat either Britain or the Soviet Union. … So war between Germany and the Soviet Union was inevitable. Conceivably if Germany held off a year the Soviet Union would’ve attacked the Germans first.
How many Italians died at El Alamein?
|First Battle of El Alamein|
|96,000 troops (56,000 Italian, 40,000 German) 70 tanks initially (585 tanks later) ~500 planes||150,000 troops 179 tanks initially (1,114 tanks later) 1,000+ artillery pieces 1,500+ planes|
|Casualties and losses|
|10,000 killed or wounded 7,000 prisoners||13,250 casualties|
What was the outcome of El Alamein?
The Battle of El Alamein was primarily fought between two of the outstanding commanders of World War Two, Montgomery, who succeeded the dismissed Auchinleck, and Rommel. The Allied victory at El Alamein lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the German surrender in North Africa in May 1943.
What would happen if Germany won El Alamein?
The allied landings meant that if Rommel continued to advance further into Egypt, there would be a chance that his force would be cut off from supplies. If Rommel had won at El Alamein, the Germans would have disrupted the British control of Egypt and possibly temporarily closed the Suez Canal.