The thumb piano, or mbira – a name derived from Shona language of Zimbabwe – is uniquely African percussion instrument. … Mbira consists of a row of metal strips, used as key, attached to an open-ended wooden gourd or hollow resonator.
What are thumb piano used for?
The griots (the historians/storytellers of the tribe) needed an instrument they could play while walking to entertain with songs, stories, and poems. Thus the thumb piano was born. One characteristic that makes the thumb piano stand out from the majority of our Western musical instruments is the way that it is tuned.
Which family does the thumb piano belong to?
Thumb pianos are percussion instruments. Just like xylophones, they belong to the family of lamellophones.
What do you call a thumb piano?
“Thumb piano” is a generic, westernised name for a range of different sub-Saharan lamellophones (instruments played by plucking tuned fixed metal tines or keys). Usually, thumb piano refers to either the mbira or its more modernised variant, the kalimba.
Is Kalimba similar to piano?
The kalimba and the piano are very different instruments! Two big differences between them are that the kalimba only has a small subset of the notes the piano has, and the notes on the kalimba are arranged in a way that is fundamentally different from the arrangement on the piano.
How does a thumb piano work?
The thumb piano, known as a kalimba, mbira, and by many other names, is a lamellaphone that uses prongs called tongues, keys, or tines that you pluck to generate acoustic vibrations. … The length of a tine determines its pitch. To tune a tine, loosen its screw, scoot it forward or backward a bit, retighten, and plunk.
How is a thumb piano tuned?
Two vibrato holes are located on each side of the Piano. Tuning can be adjusted by moving the metal pieces forward or back. The pianos can be very effectively amplified by installing piezo pickup inside the instrument with a jack on the back rail.
Why is it called a thumb piano?
The thumb piano, or mbira – a name derived from Shona language of Zimbabwe – is uniquely African percussion instrument. In the distant past it was made entirely of wood or bamboo and could have been used for a few thousand years.
Is a xylophone A Idiophone?
Idiophones are instruments that create sound through vibrating themselves. … Stuck idiophones produce sound when they are struck either directly or indirectly (ie. xylophones and gendérs). Plucked idiophones produce sound when part of the instrument (not a string) is plucked.
What is the most distinct feature of mbira?
An important feature of mbira music is its cyclical nature, with each new repetition of a theme varying slightly from the last and incorporate numerous interwoven melodies, with contrasting and syncopated rhythms.
Which instrument is one of Africa’s oldest string instruments?
One of the oldest is the Gankogui, a bell instrument played by the Ewe people of Ghana. Made from forged iron, the double bell is gonged with a wooden stick to make a deep resonating sound, the basic skeleton of all orchestral music played in Togo, Ghana and Benin.
What are African musical instruments?
African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …
Is Kalimba easier than piano?
There is no secret that kalimba is one of the easiest instruments you can learn. Unlike the regular piano, you won’t have dozens of keys, and complex chords and scales you should learn. This means that beginners that possess even a hint of musicality can learn to play something in a matter of minutes.
What is the easiest instrument to play?
The 5 Easiest Instruments to Learn for Adults
- The easiest instruments to learn are ukulele, harmonica, bongos, piano, and glockenspiel. …
- Inexpensive to buy and super fun to play, the ukulele is one of the most accessible instruments out there.
What is the best Kalimba for beginners?
Our Top 5 Best Kalimba Options in 2020
- Rain Whisperer Kalimba by LingTing (Our Favorite) …
- GECKO Kalimba 17 Keys Thumb Piano (All-Around Great Choice) …
- Moozica 17 Keys Kalimba Marimba (Most Design Options) …
- MOOZICA 21 Keys Solid Koa Kalimba. …
- EASTROCK Kalimba 17 Keys Thumb Piano (Most Affordable/ Budget Friendly)