Sahel: The Sahel is a wide stretch of land running completely across north-central Africa, just on the southern edges of the ever-expanding Sahara Desert. This border region is the transition zone between the dry areas of the north and the tropical areas of the south.
What separates North Africa from the rest of Africa?
North Africa is separated from Subsaharan Africa by the African Transition Zone, a transitional area between Islamic-dominated North Africa and animist- and Christian-dominated Subsaharan Africa. It is also a transition between the Sahara Desert and the tropical type A climates of Africa’s equatorial region.
What divides northern and southern Africa?
One of the two most prominent divides in Africa is the Great Rift Valley, the geological scar that runs north and south along the eastern half of the continent and has been forming over eons as the African tectonic plate slowly splits into two.
How Africa is divided?
The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.
What are the most famous landforms in Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What is unique about North Africa?
Regional Characteristics. Extent and Defining Characteristics: North Africa is very diverse from the Western Sahara to Egypt. This area is made up of costal agriculture grasslands, desert, mountains, highlands, valleys, basins, rivers, lakes and seas.
What are the major differences between North Africa and Sub Saharan Africa?
Although Sub-Sahara has diverse ethnics, they are not always difference. Sub-Sahara have a distinct characteristic. North Africa on the other side is closer to Europe and Middle East, adding with Arab, Ottoman, French, Spanish, Italian and British influence with indigenous Amazighs, they have become very different.
Why is Africa divided?
This conference was called by German Chancellor Bismarck to settle how European countries would claim colonial land in Africa and to avoid a war among European nations over African territory. … All the major European States were invited to the conference.
Why is Africa so flat?
One hypothesis is that a collision between Africa and another oceanic plate occurred around 250 million years ago. The collision upheaved these layers. The apparent flat appearance of the top of the mountain probably reflects the original sedimentary layers.
What is the difference between North Africa and South Africa?
The major difference between the two regions is in their locality. Both are situated on the two opposite poles of the Africa. … South Africa is a country and smaller as compared to the state of the North Africa. The Northern side mainly is linked to the Sahara dessert.
What is the richest country in Africa?
Nigeria is the richest and most populous country in Africa. The country’s large population of 211 million is a likely contributor to its large GDP.
Which is the wealthiest region of Africa?
TOP 10 RICHEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES IN 2020 RANKED BY GDP & PRIMARY EXPORTS
- 1 | NIGERIA – THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN AFRICA (GDP: $446.543 Billion) …
- 2 | SOUTH AFRICA (GDP: $358.839 Billion) …
- 3 | EGYPT (GDP: $302.256 Billion) …
- 4 | ALGERIA (GDP: $172.781 Billion) …
- 5 | MOROCCO (GDP: $119,04 Billion) …
- 6 | KENYA (GDP: $99,246 Billion)
What are the 5 regions of Africa?
The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.
What are 3 major landforms in Africa?
Some of the main African landforms are:
- plateaus (which dominate the landscape)
- huge mountains.
- long rivers.
- large lakes.
- massive deserts.
- deep valleys.
- dense rainforests.
- expansive grasslands.
What is Africa best known for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
What is the biggest landform in Africa?
The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area.