The Main Plateau occupies most of East Africa. This vast region can be divided into the Eastern Highlands, the Central Plateaux and the Western Highlands. The Eastern Highlands roughly form an arch-shaped region covering much of Kenya and Tanzania.
Which physical feature covers the largest part of East Africa?
The physical geography of East Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley, which extends through the middle of the region from north to south.
What are the major physical features of East Africa?
East Africa has various physical features this include;
Which type of physical feature covers the largest area of Africa?
The Sahara is the worlds largest hot desert, covering 8.5 million square kilometers (3.3 million square miles), about the size of the South American country of Brazil. Defining Africa’s northern bulge, the Sahara makes up 25 percent of the continent.
What is the most unusual feature of East Africa’s physical geography?
The Great Rift Valley is the most unusual feature of East Africa’s physical geography. Sometimes it is called the Great Rift system because it is not one single valley. Rather, it is a series of large valleys and depressions in Earth’s surface.
What are 3 physical features?
Landforms & Physical Features
- Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
- Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
- Plains. …
- Plateaus. …
- Mesas. …
- Buttes. …
- Deserts. …
What are 3 major geographical features?
Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills.
What are 4 physical features?
Therefore, Standard 4 contains these themes: The Concept of Place and The Characteristics of Places. Places are jointly characterized by their physical and human properties. Their physical characteristics include landforms, climate, soils, and hydrology.
What are the 5 physical features?
The physical characteristics of a place make up its natural environment and are derived from geological, hydrological, atmospheric, and biological processes. They include land forms, bodies of water, climate, soils, natural vegetation, and animal life.
Which is the largest tribe in East Africa?
The Luo are the second largest ethnic group in Kenya and they live for the most part on the shores of Lake Victoria. The Luo migrated from the Nile region of the Sudan around the 15th century.
Why is Africa considered the birthplace of humanity?
Etymology. The self-proclaimed name Cradle of Humankind reflects the fact that the site has produced a large number of (as well as some of the oldest) hominin fossils ever found, some dating back as far as 3.5 million years ago.
Why is Africa so flat?
One hypothesis is that a collision between Africa and another oceanic plate occurred around 250 million years ago. The collision upheaved these layers. The apparent flat appearance of the top of the mountain probably reflects the original sedimentary layers.
What are the 5 regions of Africa?
The United Nations’ Geoscheme divides the continent into 5 distinct subregions, Northern Africa, West Africa, Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.
What two major deserts lie in Southern Africa?
The two deserts found in Southern Africa are the Namib and the Kalahari. The Namib desert is located along the Western coast of Namibia and is one of…
What are the main geographic features of Sub Saharan Africa’s four parts?
Subsaharan Africa is a realm of plateaus and basins with four main river systems. Mountain ranges, volcanic peaks, and large lakes are found in or along the rift valleys of eastern Africa. The rift valleys were created by tectonic activity.
Is Africa mainly desert?
Africa, the second largest continent in the world, has a variety of geographic features and vegetation zones. Many people think of Africa as consisting mostly of vast stretches of dry desert. … In fact only a small percentage of Africa, along the Guinea Coast and in the Zaire River Basin, are rainforests.