The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What types of climates and vegetation are found in Africa?
Africa is the most tropical of all continents. Climate and vegetation range from equatorial rainforests, tropical deserts and savanna grassland to Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert, the largest of its kind anywhere in the world, is over 10.4 million km2 n North to south is approx. 1800 kms and east-west is 5600km.
What kind of climate is found in South Africa?
South Africa has a lovely, temperate climate with plenty of sunny, dry days. The main factors influencing conditions are altitude and the surrounding oceans. The east coast is on the Indian Ocean, which has a warm current. The west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with a cold current.
What are the 6 types of climates?
The Köppen system identifies broad climate regions. There are six main climate regions: tropical rainy, dry, temperate marine, temperate continental, polar, and highlands.
What are the main factors as to why Africa’s climate is hot?
In the summer, an area of high atmospheric pressure known as the Azores High blocks moist Atlantic air from reaching the region’s Mediterranean coast. For this reason, summers in North Africa are hot and dry, influenced by winds blowing north from the Sahara.
What are the 4 main climate zones in Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
What are the 5 climate zones in Africa?
These are the hot desert, semiarid, tropical wet-and-dry, equatorial (tropical wet), Mediterranean, humid subtropical marine, warm temperate upland, and mountain regions.
Is South Africa humid or dry?
South Africa is a relatively dry country, with an average annual rainfall of about 464 mm. While the Western Cape gets most of its rainfall in winter, the rest of the country is generally a summer-rainfall region.
Is South Africa a dry country?
South Africa is largely a dry country, with most of its western regions being semi-desert.
What is South Africa’s main export?
South Africa is very open to international trade, which represents 59.2% of the country’s GDP. The country mainly exports platinum (9.3%), motor vehicles (7.5%), iron ores (6.5%), coal and similar solid fuels (5.3%) and gold (5.2%).
What are the 7 climate zones?
- A – Tropical Climates. Tropical moist climates extend north and south from the equator to about 15° to 25° latitude. …
- B – Dry Climates. …
- C – Moist Subtropical Mid-Latitude Climates. …
- D – Moist Continental Mid-Latitude Climates. …
- E – Polar Climates. …
- H – Highlands.
What are the 4 climates?
The types of climates are: Tropical, Desert/dry, Temperate, Polar, Mediterranean. Polar climate (also called boreal climate), has long, usually very cold winters, and short summers. Temperate climates have four seasons.
What are the 2 types of climate?
The Short Answer:
Which country has the best climate in Africa?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
What is the hottest place on earth?
Death Valley, California
According to the World Meteorological Organization’s Global Weather & Climate Extremes Archive, temperatures in Death Valley reached international extremes when they hit 134 degrees Fahrenheit in 1913 — the hottest temperature recorded anywhere in the world.