|Approximate area||61,300,000 km2 (23,700,000 sq mi)|
|Features||Africa, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea|
Is the African plate convergent?
The African plate has two of these types of plate boundaries around its border. The northern part of the plate is a convergent boundary where the African plate is subducting below the Eurasian plate. Subduction zones are convergent boundaries, and where they collide, one plate dives below the other.
What type of boundary is African plate Indian plate?
Geography. The westerly side of the Indian Plate is a transform boundary with the Arabian Plate called the Owen Fracture Zone, and a divergent boundary with the African Plate called the Central Indian Ridge (CIR).
Is African plate made of oceanic crust or continental crust?
The African Plate is both oceanic and continental. It has the whole African continent on top of it as well as the oceanic crust of the Atlantic Ocean….
How many tectonic plates does Africa have?
This rift is a result of the eastern area of Africa diverging from the western area. Geologists debate whether this means that Africa is in fact composed of two plates, or if the African plate itself is splitting into two pieces.
What caused the African plate to move?
The African Plate is rifting in the eastern interior of the African continent along the East African Rift. … This is drawing it closer to the Eurasian Plate, causing subduction where oceanic crust is converging with continental crust (e.g. portions of the central and eastern Mediterranean).
What causes the plates to move?
The heat from radioactive processes within the planet’s interior causes the plates to move, sometimes toward and sometimes away from each other. This movement is called plate motion, or tectonic shift.
How deep is the African plate?
The African plate includes 0 age oceanic lithosphere created at the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden mid-ocean ridges, 175 Ma oceanic lithospheric, and > 2.5 Ga Archaean cratons that are more than 170 km thick.
What is the border between two plates called?
The border between two tectonic plates is called a boundary. All the tectonic plates are constantly moving — very slowly — around the planet, but in many different directions.
What are the 5 types of plate boundaries?
Tectonic Plates and Plate Boundaries
- Convergent boundaries: where two plates are colliding. Subduction zones occur when one or both of the tectonic plates are composed of oceanic crust. …
- Divergent boundaries – where two plates are moving apart. …
- Transform boundaries – where plates slide passed each other.
Is Arabian plate oceanic or continental?
The Arabian plate is a continental plate and has an area of 5,000,000 km 2 .
What is the earth’s crust broken into?
The Earth’s crust is broken up into a series of massive sections called plates. These tectonic plates rest upon the convecting mantle, which causes them to move.
How did the African plate get its name?
Since the continent of Africa includes both the African and the Somali plates, some literature refers to the African Plate as the Nubian Plate to distinguish it from the continent as a whole.
What is the largest plate?
There are major, minor and micro tectonic plates. There are seven major plates: African, Antarctic, Eurasian, Indo-Australian, North American, Pacific and South American. The Hawaiian Islands were created by the Pacific Plate, which is the world’s largest plate at 39,768,522 square miles.
What is the oldest tectonic plate?
Identification of the oldest preserved pieces of Earth’s crust in southern Greenland has provided evidence of active plate tectonics as early as 3.8 billion years ago, according to a report by an international team of geoscientists in Science magazine.
What are the smallest plates?
The Juan de Fuca Plate is the smallest of earth’s tectonic plates. It is approximately 250,000 square kilometers.