The French and the British held most of the African colonies at the time of independence.
Which two countries colonized the most territory in Africa?
Britain and France held the most territory in Africa according to Map 2.
Which 2 European countries were the biggest winners in the race to seize African colonies?
The two European countries that were the biggest winner in the race to seize African colonies were BRITAIN AND FRANCE.
Which two European countries were the biggest winners in the race to seize African colonies quizlet?
The two European countries that were the biggest winners in the race to seize African countries were Britain and France.
What two European powers claimed the most territory in the African continent?
Britain and France claimed the majority of the territory while other European powers claimed smaller areas or areas of more importance to them. One of these areas of importance was the Congo which was controlled by Belgium.
Which country has never been colonized in Africa?
Take Ethiopia, the only sub-Saharan African country that was never colonized.
Which country colonized Africa first?
The British colonized Africa in about 1870. When they heard of all of Africa’s valuable resources such as gold, ivory, salt and more, they did not hesitate on conquering the land. They wanted these resources because they needed them for manufacturing.
Which European countries owned the largest number of colonies in Africa?
Even as late as the 1870s, Europeans controlled only ten percent of the African continent, with all their territories located near the coast. The most important holdings were Angola and Mozambique, held by Portugal; the Cape Colony, held by Great Britain ; and Algeria, held by France.
Which two African countries remained independent?
By the end of “the scramble,” only two African states remained independent: Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and Liberia (although Liberia is often considered an informal colony of the United States).
Which European country has the fewest colonies in Africa?
Ethiopia and Liberia are widely believed to be the only two African countries to have never been colonized. Their location, economic viability, and unity helped Ethiopia and Liberia avoid colonization.
What was the driving force behind European imperialism in Africa Dbq teacher copy?
The three main driving forces of the European imperialism were power, resources, and Darwinism. It leads many of the nations to divide Africa for its resources, then to later gain power over each other and prove their better than each other.
What was the driving force behind European imperialism in Africa Dbq project?
The Europeans took over because Africa was rich in raw materials, they wanted power, and they thought their culture was superior. The driving force behind imperialism was need for resources, political competition, and technological advances.
What European industries benefited from African resources quizlet?
The European industries that benefited from African resources were the textile industries, the food producing industries, the electrical industries, and the weapon industry.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
What was Africa like before colonization?
At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. From the late 15th century, Europeans joined the slave trade. … They transported enslaved West, Central, and Southern Africans overseas.
Why did Europe want raw materials from Africa?
During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.