“Africa’s East coast had drawn overseas traders from early times. The main reason was the influence of the Indian Ocean and its monsoon winds. Between November and March, the monsoons blew southwest from the coast of India toward Africa.
Why was East Africa a good location for trade?
Trade thrived in East Africa because the region supplied gold and ivory that was scarce outside Africa. In return, Muslim traders from Arabia brought luxury goods that could not be found in Africa.
What factors helped make East Africa a center for trade?
East Africa became a center for trade because of its location on the Indian Ocean, giving it access to important trade routes. Seasonal monsoon winds powered trade ships. Also, gold shipped from mines in central Africa was in high demand as a trade item.
Why were city states on the East African coast so successful?
Ironworking had evolved in East Africa before the rise of the city states. They improved the process and produced iron objects for trade as well as local use. Archaeology studies provide evidence that the city states carried on a flourishing long distance trade with Persia, India, and China.
Why did East Africa’s early trading civilizations develop on or near a coastline?
Why did East Africa’s early trading civilizations develop on or near a coastline? East Africa’s early trading civilizations developed on or near a coastline, providing access to important markets in Arabia, India, and East Africa.
Which country has the best economy in East Africa?
Kenya is the largest and the most advanced economy in East and Central Africa; with strong growth prospects supported by an emerging, urban middle class and an increasing appetite for high-value goods and services.
What was the main trade route in East Africa?
The pioneers of all the major routes were African traders. Nyamwezi caravans from central Tanzania, reaching the coast about 1800, developed the most important route from their homeland to Bagamoyo on the mainland directly opposite Zanzibar. Kamba ivory traders from central Kenya opened a route that ended at Mombasa.
How did trade influence the growth and culture of East Africa?
Trade led to cultural influences (Arab, African, Muslim) blending throughout coast of East Africa. … Many African rulers controlling these city-states adopted Islam + mosques later were built in cities/towns while many Africans still rpaciced local traditions (animism).
Why is East Africa is referred to as the cradle of humanity?
Etymology. The self-proclaimed name Cradle of Humankind reflects the fact that the site has produced a large number of (as well as some of the oldest) hominin fossils ever found, some dating back as far as 3.5 million years ago.
What is the most popular religion in Africa?
Christianity is now one of the most widely practiced religions in Africa along with Islam and is the largest religion in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several syncretistic and messianic sects have formed throughout much of the continent, including the Nazareth Baptist Church in South Africa and the Aladura churches in Nigeria.
How did Islam arrive in East and West Africa?
Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. The early journeys across the Sahara were done in stages. Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.
Why were the Portuguese interested in controlling the east African coast?
They wanted to obtain control of the main trading towns, e.g. Kilwa, Mombasa etc. They wanted to defeat the Muslim traders and rulers who had monopolized the Indian Ocean trade.
What products did West Africa trade?
The West Africans exchanged their local products like gold, ivory, salt and cloth, for North African goods such as horses, books, swords and chain mail. This trade (called the trans-Saharan trade because it crossed the Sahara desert) also included slaves.
What is the unique culture of East Africa’s coast and language spoken there?
It is the mixture of Perso-Arab and Bantu cultures in Kilwa that is credited for creating Swahili as a distinctive East African culture and language. The diverse history of the Swahili Coast has also resulted in multicultural influences on Swahili arts, including furniture and architecture.
What was the largest trading empire in East Africa?
The most powerful of these states was the Songhai Empire, which expanded rapidly beginning with king Sonni Ali in the 1460s. By 1500, it had risen to stretch from Cameroon to the Maghreb, the largest state in African history.
What impact did trade have on East Africa?
How did trade affect the peoples of East Africa? It expanded their territory and increased the creation of city-states. It also brought business for other important goods needed in the area.