What is the oral tradition in West Africa?

Folktales West Africa’s oral tradition includes hundreds of old stories called folktales. West Africans used folktales to pass along their history and to teach young people morals and values. Many traditional folktales were brought to the Americas by West Africans who were sold into slavery beginning in the 1500s.

What is the oral tradition in West African music?

Oral traditions are messages that are transmitted orally from one generation to another. The messages may be passed down through speech or song and may take the form of folktales and fables, epic histories and narrations, proverbs or sayings, and songs.

What is African oral tradition?

In many African societies such material has been transmitted orally, through the spoken word. This method of passing along literature and history is oral tradition. African oral tradition involves both the material that is spoken—the oral art—and the setting in which it is spoken.

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Why were oral traditions important in West Africa?

Oral tradition is important in west Africa because modern writers add to the oral legacy some have turned oral traditions to novels. … What functions did music serve in west Africa? Music communicated ideas and values also expressed feelings and celebrated important evens such as weddings,funerals and ceramonies.

What is oral tradition and how is it important to the history of West Africa?

Oral histories are rich, complex tools of storytelling, which contain fine details of ancestry and ancestral experiences. These oral narratives are important modes of transmitting knowledge, especially as they bring alive histories that are not present in archives, books and other forms of literary tradition.

What are the types of oral tradition?

Oral traditions can be categorized into different types, including legends, myths, folktales, and memorates. A memorate is an account of a personal experience or encounter with the supernatural, such as a ghost story or other expression of the spirit to a human being.

What is the importance of oral tradition?

However, oral tradition and history have long been a valuable tool for preserving cultural and historical memory. They preserve the history of the past, the events, and contribute to answering the how and why of human actions in the form of stories, legends, songs, speeches (McDonnell, 2003:99, …show more content…

What is the main disadvantage of oral tradition?

The following are disadvantages of oral traditions

Oral tradition may be biased. This is possible because of nature of transmission itself. oral transmission is full of exaggeration, creativity and sometimes the informant may talk of good things only.

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What are the characteristics of oral tradition?

Characteristics of Oral Traditions

  • repetition of phrases to emphasize points or themes.
  • interaction with the audience.
  • strong rhythm and meter.
  • music, costume, and props.
  • idiomatic expressions.
  • strong imagery.
  • techniques such as onomatopoeia (creating sounds that imitate sounds found in nature)

What are the traditions of African?

African Traditions are expressed through music, art, dance and sculpture… African Tradition is expressed through many different art forms, such as music, dance, art, sculpture and beadwork. These traditions are deeply ingrained into the whole African culture.

What written and oral tradition did West Africans create?

1. What written and oral traditions did West Africans create? (A proverb is one example.) West Africans created proverbs, stories, praise songs, poems, historical accounts and genealogies, and folktales.

What was the role of a griot in West Africa?

The griot profession is hereditary and has long been a part of West African culture. The griots’ role has traditionally been to preserve the genealogies, historical narratives, and oral traditions of their people; praise songs are also part of the griot’s repertoire.

Where does the written tradition in West Africa come from?

Written Tradition After Islam spread to West Africa, written tradition became more important. Muslims published many works in Arabic. A number of these writings were preserved in mosques and Qur’anic schools. Today, they are a key source of information about West African history, legends, and culture.

What are griots and why are they important to West Africa?

A griot is a West African storyteller, singer, musician, and oral historian. They train to excel as orators, lyricists and musicians. The griot keeps records of all the births, deaths, marriages through the generations of the village or family. … Griots originated in the 13th century in the Mande empire of Mali.

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What are the advantages of oral history?

Oral history helps round out the story of the past.

Oral history provides a fuller, more accurate picture of the past by augmenting the information provided by pub- lic records, statistical data, photographs, maps, letters, diaries, and other historical materials.

What kinds of histories do we learn from African oral tradition?

African novelists like Chinua Achebe often introduce oral stories— such as narrative proverbs, song-tales, myths, folktales, fairy tales, animal fables, anecdotes, and ballads—into literature.

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