In essence, the coast is made up of land that is affected by being near to the sea and the sea that is affected by being near to the land. … A variety of landward and seaward boundaries have been used to define the coast for different activities in South Africa.
Where is the Coastal Zone located in South Africa?
The South African coastline stretches for some 3000 km from the Orange River at the Namibian border in the west to Kosi Bay near the Mozambique border in the east.
What are the characteristics of coastal zones?
The zone includes the shelf and a belt of land within the boundaries of small coastal river basins. Specific combinations of various branches of the economy are typical for the coastal area in the whole and for its regional sections as well.
What does the Coastal Management Act protects?
32 of 2000), the Coastal Management By-law, 2018 contained hereunder.To provide for measures for managing and protecting the coastal zone; to provide for measures for aligning development within the coastal zone with the objects of the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act; to provide for …
What is the name of the key piece of legislation Act that governs ICM in South Africa?
Town, South Africa. The Acts of Parliament are at times difficult to understand, and the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 2008 (Act No. 24 of 2008) (hereafter the “ICM Act”) is no exception.
Is South Africa a dry country?
South Africa is a relatively dry country, with an average annual rainfall of about 464 mm. While the Western Cape gets most of its rainfall in winter, the rest of the country is generally a summer-rainfall region. … South Africa’s coastal regions are therefore relatively warm in winter.
Which town is in the middle of South Africa?
The little Karoo town of Hanover is often described as the town in the middle of South Africa. It lies halfway between Johannesburg and Cape Town; between Cape Town and Durban, and between Upington and Port Elizabeth.
What do you mean by coastal zone?
A coastal zone is the interface between the land and water. These zones are important because a majority of the world’s population inhabit such zones. Coastal zones are continually changing because of the dynamic interaction between the oceans and the land.
What are the different coastal zones?
In general, coastal zones include the splash zone, the high intertidal zone, the low intertidal zone, and the low tide zone. Coastal zones are extremely sensitive to environmental perturbations. The various zones are defined by the physical components within the zone.
Where does the coastal zone begin?
Public Resources Code (PRC) Section 30103(a) specifically defines California’s Coastal Zone as that land and water area of the State of California from the Oregon border to the border of the Republic of Mexico depicted on maps identified and set forth in Section 17 of that chapter of the Statutes of the 1975-76 Regular …
Who enforces the Coastal Zone Management Act?
The U.S. Congress recognized the importance of meeting the challenge of continued growth in the coastal zone by passing the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) in 1972. This act, administered by NOAA, provides for the management of the nation’s coastal resources, including the Great Lakes.
Is it illegal to take stones from the beach South Africa?
Section 5 of the Minerals and Petroleum Resources and Development Act made it illegal for anyone to “prospect or remove or mine for, and produce, any mineral” without an approved environmental management programme or mining right or mining permit.
Why is coastal management important?
Sound coastal planning and management is vital to help protect and conserve the coast’s important cultural, ecological and natural values. … The Coastal Act supports the protection of the coast and coastal resources through the provision of technical information to inform planning decisions.
What does the Protected Areas Act protect?
An Act provide for the protection and conservation of ecologically viable areas representative of South Africa’s biological diversity and its natural landscapes and seascapes; for the establishment of a national register of all national, provincial and local protected areas; for the management of those areas in …
What is the Integrated Coastal Management Act?
Integration and coordination of various coastal and marine management efforts is the major objective of the integrated coastal management (ICM) approach. ICM addresses the governance of human activities affecting the sustainable use of goods and services generated by coastal and marine ecosystems.
What is meant by Integrated Coastal Zone Management?
Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) is a dynamic, multidisciplinary and iterative process to promote sustainable management of coastal zones. It covers the full cycle of information collection, planning (in its broadest sense), decision making, management and monitoring of implementation.