What is the environment like in West Africa?

West Africa has a rich natural resource base that includes soil, forest, rangeland, and freshwater and marine resources. Increased pressure on these resources from the rapidly growing population is compounded by the region’s vulnerability to climate shocks such as recurrent drought and rising sea levels.

What is the environment and climate of Western Africa?

The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C.

What is the environment like in Africa?

Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.

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How is the weather in West Africa?

Temperatures in the lowlands of West Africa are high throughout the year, with annual means usually above 18°C. In the Sahel, maximum temperatures can reach above 40°C. … Thus, year-to-year rainfall variability ranges from 10 to 20 percent in the coastal areas to over 40 percent in the northern Sahel (FAO, 1983).

What are the four climates in West Africa?

From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.

What are the defining environmental factors in West Africa?

West Africa has a rich natural resource base that includes soil, forest, rangeland, and freshwater and marine resources. Increased pressure on these resources from the rapidly growing population is compounded by the region’s vulnerability to climate shocks such as recurrent drought and rising sea levels.

What is the largest climatic feature in Africa?

The Sahara Desert in North Africa is the largest hot desert in the world and is one of the hottest, driest and sunniest places on Earth.

What is the problem in Africa?

Today, Africa remains the poorest and least-developed continent in the world. Hunger, poverty, terrorism, local ethnic and religious conflicts, corruption and bribery, disease outbreaks – this was Africa’s story until the early 2000s.

Why is Africa called the Dark Continent?

Africa was known as the “Dark Continent” because it remained unexplored for a fairly long period of time. Factors that made is difficult for the explorer to venture in to the continent of africa were: The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert acted as a natural barrier for the European explorers.

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Which country has the best weather in Africa?

While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.

Does it get cold in West Africa?

The region usually experiences rainfall in winter, and the weather is usually warm in temperate all year round. Winter temperatures average 27 degrees Celsius in winter, with minimum temperatures averaging 21 degrees Celsius. The region is very sunny, experiencing between 2700 hours to 3500 hours of sunlight all year.

What language do they speak in West Africa?

About 10% speak Swahili, the lingua franca of Southeastern Africa, about 5% speak a Berber dialect, and about 5% speak Hausa, a West African lingua franca.

Demographics.

Arabic (North Africa, Horn of Africa) 100 native + 30 secondary
Tswana (Southern Africa) 4
Kanuri (West Africa) 4
Umbundu (Angola) 4

What are two major grassland areas of West Africa?

The Sudanian savanna is a broad belt of tropical savanna that runs east and west across the African continent, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Ethiopian Highlands in the east. The Sahel, a belt of drier grasslands and acacia savannas, lies to the north, between the Sudanian savanna and the Sahara Desert.

What is the coldest country in Africa?

The Coldest And Snowing Countries In Africa AFRICA- Lesotho located in Southern Africa is the coldest country in Africa, it covers 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq mi).

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Why is Africa the hottest continent?

Africa mainly lies within the intertropical zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. … Because of this geographical situation, Africa is a hot continent as the solar radiation intensity is always high.

What is the hottest place on earth?

Death Valley, California

According to the World Meteorological Organization’s Global Weather & Climate Extremes Archive, temperatures in Death Valley reached international extremes when they hit 134 degrees Fahrenheit in 1913 — the hottest temperature recorded anywhere in the world.

Hot Africa