Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.
What are the main environments in Africa?
Africa has five main kinds of ecosystems: coastal environments, deserts and semideserts, mountain environments, savanna grasslands, and forests. Each ecosystem has its typical environment and climate, and the people who live there have adapted to its conditions and learned to use its resources.
What is the natural environment of Africa?
Africa is rich in natural resources ranging from arable land, water, oil, natural gas, minerals, forests and wildlife. The continent holds a huge proportion of the world’s natural resources, both renewables and non-renewables.
Is Africa hot or cold?
Precipitation intensity is always high, and it is a hot continent. Warm and hot climates prevail all over Africa, but mostly the northern part is marked by aridity and high temperatures. Only the northernmost and the southernmost fringes of the continent have a Mediterranean climate.
Does Africa have seasons?
Many people think Africa is hot year-round, however spanning two hemispheres, Africa is a continent of extremes. … Instead of Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring, most countries in East Africa and Southern Africa have a wet season(s) and a dry season.
What is the problem in Africa?
Today, Africa remains the poorest and least-developed continent in the world. Hunger, poverty, terrorism, local ethnic and religious conflicts, corruption and bribery, disease outbreaks – this was Africa’s story until the early 2000s.
Why is Africa called the Dark Continent?
Africa was known as the “Dark Continent” because it remained unexplored for a fairly long period of time. Factors that made is difficult for the explorer to venture in to the continent of africa were: The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert acted as a natural barrier for the European explorers.
Why is Africa so important?
Africa is a vital world region. Some of the fastest growing economies in the world are in Africa, a continent of thousands of languages and cultures, unparalleled eco-diversity, and over a billion vibrant and innovative Africans. … You become a better-informed global citizen when you study Africa.
What are the 5 regions of Africa?
The United Nations’ Geoscheme divides the continent into 5 distinct subregions, Northern Africa, West Africa, Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.
What are 5 physical features of Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What is the coldest part of Africa?
AFRICA- Lesotho located in Southern Africa is the coldest country in Africa, it covers 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq mi). It is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely above 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) in elevation. Its lowest point of 1,400 metres (4,593 ft) is therefore the highest in the world.
What is the hottest city in Africa?
A historic heat wave in northern Africa on Thursday, July 5, brought Africa its hottest reliably measured temperature on record: 124.3°F (51.3°C), at Ouargla, Algeria. Ouargla (population 190,000) is the capital city of Ouargla Province in the Algerian Sahara Desert, at an elevation of 719 feet (219 meters).
Is there a winter in Africa?
Winter in Africa is generally warm, but here are more interesting facts on the continent’s winter season, which occurs over June, July and August. … The average winter temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius. Nigeria experiences hot temperatures all year round, with the winter season being hot and dry.
Which country has the best climate in Africa?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
What is the hottest place on earth?
Death Valley, California
According to the World Meteorological Organization’s Global Weather & Climate Extremes Archive, temperatures in Death Valley reached international extremes when they hit 134 degrees Fahrenheit in 1913 — the hottest temperature recorded anywhere in the world.
What is the hottest country in the world?
Burkina Faso is the hottest country in the world. The average yearly temperature is 82.85°F (28.25°C). Located in West Africa, the northern region of Burkina Faso is covered by the Sahara Desert.