West African monsoon, a major wind system that affects West African regions between latitudes 9° and 20° N and is characterized by winds that blow southwesterly during warmer months and northeasterly during cooler months of the year. … Wind and rainfall patterns of the West African monsoon.
What is monsoon short answer?
A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions.
Are there monsoons in Africa?
The main two components of the African Monsoons are the West African Monsoon, which prevails during the Northern Hemisphere Summer (June through September), and the East African Monsoon with rains during spring (MAM) and autumn (OND). … The East African Monsoon is associated with the ITCZ moving south of the equator.
What is the rainy season in Africa called?
The wet season typically runs from November to March, which is also the hottest and most humid time of year. In East Africa (Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya and Tanzania) the dry season is from late June to September. The region typically experiences two wet seasons.
Why is it called monsoon?
The word “monsoon” comes from the Arabic word mausim, meaning “season.” The seasonal wind shift is usually accompanied by a dramatic change in precipitation. The best known example of a monsoon occurs over the Indian subcontinent. In summer, the sun warms the land and the air above it.
What is the full form of monsoon?
A monsoon (/mɒnˈsuːn/) is traditionally a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with annual latitudinal oscillation of the Intertropical Convergence Zone between its limits to …
What are the types of monsoon?
The north-east monsoon, commonly known as winter monsoon blows from land to sea, whereas south-west monsoon, known as summer monsoon blows from sea to land after crossing the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during a year in the country.
Why are there no monsoons in Africa?
If it were not for the change in wind direction when the southeast trades have crossed the Equator, the monsoon system of West Africa could not be distinguished from the weather system, caused by the seasonal shift in the latitude of the intertropical convergence, as experienced over most of Central Africa.
What season do monsoons start?
It usually happens between April and September. As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon.
How monsoons are formed?
Water vapor condenses as air rises and cools in the ITCZ, forming clouds and falling as rain. The ITCZ can be seen from space as a band of clouds around the planet. This is where monsoon rainfall occurs.
What are the 4 main climate zones in Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
Is it always sunny in Africa?
Precipitation. South Africa is a sunny country, averaging 8–10 daily sunshine hours in most regions. … Overall, rainfall is greatest in the east and gradually decreases westward, with some semi-desert areas along the western edge of South Africa.
Which country has the best weather in Africa?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
What is the literal meaning of monsoon?
1 : a periodic wind especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. 2 : the season of the southwest monsoon in India and adjacent areas that is characterized by very heavy rainfall. 3 : rainfall that is associated with the monsoon.
Who invented monsoon?
Hippalus, a Greek navigator, is credited with discovering the monsoon wind in AD 45-47.
What is monsoon Class 9?
Answer: The seasonal reversal in wind direction during a year is called monsoon. Monsoon tends to have ‘breaks’ in rainfall; which means that there are wet and dry spells in between. … The entire agricultural calendar in India is governed by the monsoon.