What is a West African guitar called?

The kora is a string instrument used extensively in West Africa. A kora typically has 21 strings, which are played by plucking with the fingers.

What type of instrument is a kora?

Kora, long-necked harp lute of the Malinke people of western Africa. The instrument’s body is composed of a long hardwood neck that passes through a calabash gourd resonator, itself covered by a leather soundboard.

What is a Khalam?

Xalam (in Serer, or khalam in Wolof) is a traditional stringed musical instrument from West Africa with 1-5 strings.

What does a kora look like?

The kora looks like a giant, upside-down Tootsie Pop. A large gourd sits at the bottom of a long neck traversed by the 21 strings. The player sits, resting the gourd in his lap with the neck vertical, and plucks the strings with the thumb and one finger of each hand. It’s a tradition that dates back some 800 years.

Can anyone play the kora?

Traditionally, only a man born into a Jali (also spelled and pronounced Jeli, or Djeli) family can play the kora.

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Where does the kora originate from?

Kora players have traditionally come from jali families (also from the Mandinka tribes) who are traditional historians, genealogists and storytellers who pass their skills on to their descendants. Though played in Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Senegal and Burkina Faso, the instrument was first discovered in the Gambia.

What are the traditional African instruments?

African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …

What is the meaning of Electrophones?

Electrophone, any of a class of musical instruments in which the initial sound either is produced by electronic means or is conventionally produced (as by a vibrating string) and electronically amplified. Electronically amplified conventional instruments include guitars, pianos, and others.

What are the four basic types of Aerophones?

Aerophone, any of a class of musical instruments in which a vibrating mass of air produces the initial sound. The basic types include woodwind, brass, and free-reed instruments, as well as instruments that fall into none of these groups, such as the bull-roarer and the siren.

What is the meaning of Idiophone?

Idiophone, class of musical instruments in which a resonant solid material—such as wood, metal, or stone—vibrates to produce the initial sound. The eight basic types are concussion, friction, percussion, plucked, scraped, shaken, stamped, and stamping.

How do you hold a kora?

The Kora is taken vertically with the strings to the body, usually runs between the legs feel supported the body of the instrument. There are also two small sticks to hold the Kora with your fingers and touch the strings with just the index and thumb of each hand.

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What is African drumming?

The roots of African music

Drummers use their hands or beat the skin of the drum with sticks to produce a sound. Percussive instruments are a part of life in some African societies. Traditionally they have been used for: ceremonies of all occasions, from celebrating birth to respecting the dead. calling to arms in wars.

What kind of musicians play the kora?

The kora is just one of the instruments used within Jali families of the Mande people in West Africa – found in Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Senegal and the Gambia. Jali are also referred to as ‘griots’ but this is a French word and the term ‘jali’ is often preferred.

Is the guitar an African instrument?

Maybe the guitar wasn’t originally an African instrument, but it certainly has become one. For this New Sounds, take a listen to music from the late Cameroonian guitarist Francis Bebey, along with music from Gabonese guitarist singer and musician Pierre Akendengué.

What are the five 5 African Idiophone instruments?

Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers.

African musical instruments

  • Slit drums.
  • Rattles.
  • Shakers.
  • Scrapers.
  • Clappers.
  • Bells.
  • Gongs.

What is another name for a mbira?

Mbira, also called mbila sansa, kilembe, likembe, timbrh, or thumb piano, plucked idiophone (instrument whose sounding parts are resonant solids belonging to the body of the instrument itself)—or more specifically, a lamellaphone—that is unique to Africa and widely distributed throughout the continent.

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