The continent’s most distinctive landforms are in East Africa. As the continental plates pulled apart over millions of years, huge cracks appeared in the earth. The land then sank to form long, thin valleys—called rift valleys.
What are the significant landforms in Africa?
Some of the main African landforms are:
- plateaus (which dominate the landscape)
- huge mountains.
- long rivers.
- large lakes.
- massive deserts.
- deep valleys.
- dense rainforests.
- expansive grasslands.
What is unique about the continent of Africa?
1) AFRICA IS THE SECOND LARGEST CONTINENT ON EARTH. Africa is the second largest continent in the world with a total area of around 11.73 million square miles (30.37 million square kilometers) that account for 5.7% of the earth’s surface as well as 20% of the total surface of land on our planet.
What are the 5 physical features?
Landforms include hills, mountains, plateaus, canyons, and valleys, as well as shoreline features such as bays, peninsulas, and seas, including submerged features such as mid-ocean ridges, volcanoes, and the great ocean basins.
What are 3 physical features?
Landforms & Physical Features
- Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
- Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
- Plains. …
- Plateaus. …
- Mesas. …
- Buttes. …
- Deserts. …
What are the four landforms found in Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What are the 5 regions of Africa?
The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.
Why Africa is called Dark Continent?
Africa was known as the “Dark Continent” because it remained unexplored for a fairly long period of time. Factors that made is difficult for the explorer to venture in to the continent of africa were: The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert acted as a natural barrier for the European explorers.
What is Africa most known for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
Who Found Africa?
Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as the Navigator, was the first European to methodically explore Africa and the oceanic route to the Indies.
What are 4 physical features?
Their physical characteristics include landforms, climate, soils, and hydrology.
What are Earth’s features?
Earth consists of land, air, water and life. The land contains mountains, valleys and flat areas. The air is made up of different gases, mainly nitrogen and oxygen. The water includes oceans, lakes, rivers, streams, rain, snow and ice.
What are the natural physical features?
They include berms, mounds, hills, cliffs, valleys, rivers, and numerous other elements. Oceans and continents are the highest-order landforms. A body of water is any significant accumulation of water, usually covering the Earth.
Is a park a human or physical feature?
The physical characteristics of a place make up its natural environment and are derived from geological, hydrological, atmospheric, and biological processes. … The human characteristics of a place come from human ideas and actions. They include bridges houses, and parks.
What is the most famous landform?
The Grand Canyon. Visitors from all over the world come to visit this gorgeous canyon placed in the northwestern part of Arizona every year. Of course, we had to start the list off with possibly the most famous landform in the entire world.
What are the physical features of a person?
Your physical features are your height, weight, size, shape or another bodily characteristic. These also include facial features, hair, scarring and birthmarks. Physical features may also include include piercings, tattoos or body modifications.