|Primary impacts||Secondary impacts|
|Water scarcity||Increased transport costs|
|Loss of jobs, income and property||Deepening poverty; increased unemployment|
|Less income from tourism and recreation||Increased capital shortfall|
|Forced financial loans||Increased debt; increased credit risk for financial institutions|
How do droughts affect the economy?
Examples of economic impacts include farmers who lose money because drought destroyed their crops or ranchers who may have to spend more money to feed and water their animals. Economic impacts can be both direct, such as decreases in dairy production, and indirect, as seen by increases in the price of cheese.
How does drought affect the South African?
Additional impacts of the drought are death of livestock and poor crop yields due to poor or no rainfall making water unavailable for irrigation. … The impact of the drought in South Africa has been most strongly felt in increased food prices.
What is the importance of drought to the economy of South Africa?
Economic and fiscal impact of drought in South Africa
Although the Agricultural sector contributes minimal to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) it plays a very essential role in the wealth creation in South Africa especially in rural areas employing more than one million people.
What are the negative effects of drought and desertification?
Desertification, an extreme form of land degradation, is a global phenomenon that is influenced by and has an impact on climate change and biodiversity loss. Land degradation causes a decline in land productivity and is therefore likely to lead to increased levels of poverty.
What are the positive impacts of drought?
As plant growth declines, open water increases, reducing habitat quality for waterfowl and other wildlife. Fortunately, water levels in most wetlands draw down naturally at some point, and this is where drought plays a beneficial role in rejuvenating wetlands.
What are the negative effects of desertification?
“In many countries, desertification means a decline in soil fertility, a reduction in vegetation cover – especially grass cover – and more invasive shrub species. Practically speaking, the consequences of this are less available land for grazing, and less productive soils.
What are the main causes of drought in South Africa?
One of the main causes of drought in South Africa is the variability in rainfall (Mason and Tyson, 2000; Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000 and Vogel et al., 2000). The El Niño phenomenon accounts for approximately thirty percent of rainfall variability (Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000).
Which areas are affected by drought in South Africa?
South Africa has been experiencing water shortages since 2015, when delayed rainfalls and decreasing dam levels led to a drought. It was the worst drought in the country since 1982. As a result two provinces — KwaZulu-Natal and Free State — were declared disaster areas.
Which country is most affected by drought?
The Most Drought Prone Countries in the World
- Ethiopia. Poor harvests and recurrent insecurity in some regions of Ethiopia has led to food instability and falling food reserves across the country.
- Sudan. About 2.8 million people in Sudan are affected by drought every year. …
- Eritrea. …
- Afghanistan. …
- China. …
- Pakistan. …
- Iran. …
- Somalia. …
How the government can reduce the impact of drought in South Africa?
These include: Water storage and transfer developments; Water infrastructure such as dams and conveyance pipelines will be developed to redistribute water over time and space; Review and promulgate restrictions within the legislation to restore and protect ecological infrastructure; and.
How does drought affect human health?
Drought can also cause long-term public health problems, including: Shortages of drinking water and poor quality drinking water. Impacts on air quality, sanitation and hygiene, and food and nutrition. More disease, such as West Nile Virus carried by mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water.
What are the causes and effects of drought?
The soil starts drying out and plants die. When this pattern continues for several weeks, months or years, the flow of streams and rivers decreases and water levels in lakes, reservoirs and wells fall. Eventually, the unusual dry weather causes water supply issues, and the dry period becomes a drought.
What are some long term effects of desertification?
Desertification often leads to a loss of habitats for many animals and plants. Desertification may alter the living conditions of the local flora and fauna that makes it impossible for animals and plants to sustain their populations.
What are the long term effects of drought?
Long-term drought escalates the damage caused to plants, ecosystems, and wildlife. In the agricultural sector, sustained drought can result in complete crop and forage failure and livestock sell-offs. Drought conditions can increase wildfire intensity and severity.
What are 3 causes of desertification?
Human activities that contribute to desertification include the expansion and intensive use of agricultural lands, poor irrigation practices, deforestation, and overgrazing. These unsustainable land uses place enormous pressure on the land by altering its soil chemistry and hydrology.