Geography. North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.
What are 5 landforms in northern Africa?
Climate and landforms are strongly linked here since it is the presence of a specific landform – the Atlas mountains – that creates the desert conditions farther east.
- Atlas Mountains. …
- Mountain Climate. …
- Sahara Climate. …
- Sahara Landforms.
What are northern landforms?
These landforms include the Inaouene and Sebou valleys. Also reaching into the northern region are the Rif and Beni-Snassen mountains, the Loukko and Moulouya valleys, and the plateaus of Guercif, Saka and Gareb. The Rif Mountains stand as perhaps the most majestic of these landforms.
What are the major landforms of Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What are the physical features of North Africa?
Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River. The ethnic majority in the Maghreb are Berber, with Arabs dominating in Egypt.
Is North Africa hot or cold?
Current Climatology of North Africa
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
What resources of North Africa are most valuable?
North Africa has vast oil and natural gas deposits, the Sahara holds the most strategic nuclear ore, and resources such as coltan, gold, and copper, among many others, are abundant on the continent.
What are the important landforms in North America?
Important Landforms in the U.S.
- Appalachian Mountains. The Appalachian Mountains may be some of the oldest mountains on earth. …
- Rocky Mountains. …
- Great Salt Lake. …
- Grand Canyon. …
- Great Plains. …
- Mississippi River. …
- Mojave Desert & Death Valley.
What type of landform is North and South Korea combined?
Together, North and South Korea form a peninsula.
Which landform is in the central part of North America?
The Central Lowland is a flat-lying region located between the Appalachian Mountains to the east and the Great Plains to the west (Figure 4.5). It extends from the Canadian Shield in the north to the Atlantic Coastal Plain in the south and is part of the North American craton (the older, stable part of the continent).
What is the biggest landform in Africa?
The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area.
What are the 10 landforms?
Following are some of the common types of landforms and their characteristics.
- Mountains. Mountains are landforms higher than the surrounding areas. …
- Plateaus. Plateaus are flat highlands that are separated from the surroundings due to steep slopes. …
- Valleys. …
- Deserts. …
- Dunes. …
- Islands. …
- Plains. …
What are the 10 largest nations in Africa?
Here is a list of the top ten largest countries in square miles:
- Sudan (728,022 square miles)
- Libya (679,192 square miles)
- Chad (495,624 square miles)
- Niger (489,062 square miles)
- Angola (481,226 square miles)
- Mali (478,714 square miles)
- South Africa (47,320 square miles)
- Ethiopia (426, 260 square miles)
What are 2 reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
What are three important waterways in North Africa?
- Atbarah River – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Blue Nile – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Didessa River – Ethiopia.
- Nile – Egypt.
- Bahr el Zeraf – South Sudan.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan.
Why is North Africa unique?
Regional Characteristics. Extent and Defining Characteristics: North Africa is very diverse from the Western Sahara to Egypt. This area is made up of costal agriculture grasslands, desert, mountains, highlands, valleys, basins, rivers, lakes and seas.