What are the 4 main types of climate in Africa south of the Sahara and their characteristics?

What are the 4 climates of Africa?

The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.

What are the 4 climates?

The types of climates are: Tropical, Desert/dry, Temperate, Polar, Mediterranean. Polar climate (also called boreal climate), has long, usually very cold winters, and short summers. Temperate climates have four seasons.

What are the 4 regions of sub-Saharan Africa?

Landforms Ecologically separated from North Africa by the sweeping and sparsely populated Sahara Desert, the sub-Saharan mainland consists of four vast and distinct regions: Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa.

What is the climate south of the Sahara?

The Sahara is dominated by two climatic regimes: a dry subtropical climate in the north and a dry tropical climate in the south. The dry subtropical climate is characterized by unusually high annual and diurnal temperature ranges, cold to cool winters and hot summers, and two precipitation maximums.

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What is the hottest place on earth?

Death Valley, California

According to the World Meteorological Organization’s Global Weather & Climate Extremes Archive, temperatures in Death Valley reached international extremes when they hit 134 degrees Fahrenheit in 1913 — the hottest temperature recorded anywhere in the world.

What is the coldest country in Africa?

The Coldest And Snowing Countries In Africa AFRICA- Lesotho located in Southern Africa is the coldest country in Africa, it covers 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq mi).

What are the 7 climate zones?

Climate Zones

  • A – Tropical Climates. Tropical moist climates extend north and south from the equator to about 15° to 25° latitude. …
  • B – Dry Climates. …
  • C – Moist Subtropical Mid-Latitude Climates. …
  • D – Moist Continental Mid-Latitude Climates. …
  • E – Polar Climates. …
  • H – Highlands.

What is climate very short answer?

Climate is the long-term average of weather, typically averaged over a period of 30 years. … Climates can be classified according to the average and the typical ranges of different variables, most commonly temperature and precipitation. The most commonly used classification scheme was the Köppen climate classification.

What is the coldest climate zone?

The polar regions are the coldest regions on Earth, situated between the poles and the respective polar circles. They are also called “eternal ice”. The northern polar circle includes the Arctic, which includes the northern Polar sea.

What are the major physical features of sub Saharan Africa?

In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.

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What is most of the land in Sub Saharan Africa used for?

Land is a finite natural resource that sustains diverse ecosystems in Sub Saharan Africa. … In particular, land use change to crop production has increased in Sub Sahara Africa primarily through smallholder farm agricultural intensification and extensification (Lambin et al., 2001).

Which is a feature of sub Saharan Africa?

In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.

Does it ever rain in the Sahara?

Precipitation in the Sahara ranges from zero to about 3 inches of rain per year, with some locations not seeing rain for several years at a time. Occasionally, snow falls at higher elevations.

What is the coldest month in the Sahara Desert?

The coldest months in the Sahara Desert are January and December. February, however, is a warm month with an average high temperature at 24°C (75.2°F). March marks the first month of spring where temperatures range from 26 °C to 15 cm on average (~15-59 degrees Fahrenheit).

How hot is the Sahara?

How Hot Is The Sahara Desert? The Sahara is the hottest desert in the world – with one of the harshest climates. The average annual temperature is 30°C, whilst the hottest temperature ever recorded was 58°C.

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