|Church Street bombing||1983-05-20||19|
What major events happened in South Africa?
Table B. Chronology of Important Events
|1652||First permanent Dutch settlement at Cape of Good Hope.|
|1658||Dutch import slaves from Angola and West Africa.|
|1659||Khoikhoi revolt against Dutch encroachment.|
|1663||European settlement at Saldanha Bay.|
What happened in 1960 South Africa?
Sharpeville massacre, (March 21, 1960), incident in the Black township of Sharpeville, near Vereeniging, South Africa, in which police fired on a crowd of Black people, killing or wounding some 250 of them. It was one of the first and most violent demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa.
What really happened at Sharpeville?
In the Black township of Sharpeville, near Johannesburg, South Africa, Afrikaner police open fire on a group of unarmed Black South African demonstrators, killing 69 people and wounding 180 in a hail of submachine-gun fire.
What was the cause of the Sharpeville massacre?
The 1960 Sharpeville Massacre was the result of a peaceful protest regarding racist South African policies of apartheid. … The police response to the protest became the primary cause of the massacre. The police assembled and used disproportionate responses to the protest.
Who is the most famous South African?
|No.||Name||D.O.B. – D.O.D.|
What was South Africa called before 1652?
The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek or ZAR, not to be confused with the much later Republic of South Africa), is often referred to as The Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal.
What started the apartheid problem in South Africa?
Various reasons can be given for apartheid, although they are all closely linked. The main reasons lie in ideas of racial superiority and fear. … The other main reason for apartheid was fear, as in South Africa the white people are in the minority, and many were worried they would lose their jobs, culture and language.
What does MK stand for in apartheid?
uMkhonto we Sizwe (Xhosa pronunciation: [uˈmkʰonto we ˈsizwe], meaning “Spear of the Nation”; abbreviated MK) was the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC), co-founded by Nelson Mandela in the wake of the Sharpeville massacre. Its mission was to fight against the South African government.
What was going on in South Africa in 1964?
1960s – International pressure against government begins, South Africa excluded from Olympic Games. 1964 – ANC leader Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment. 1966 September – Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd assassinated.
What happened on March 21st South Africa?
On March 21, 1960, police officers in a black township in South Africa opened fire on a group of people peacefully protesting oppressive pass laws, killing 69. The anniversary of the Sharpeville Massacre is remembered the world over every March 21 on the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
What are the events that led to the massacre in 1960?
The Sharpeville massacre occurred on 21 March 1960, at the police station in the South African township of Sharpeville in Transvaal (today part of Gauteng). After a day of demonstrations against pass laws, a crowd of about 7,000 protesters went to the police station.
What happened to South Africa after apartheid?
South Africa since 1994 transitioned from the system of apartheid to one of majority rule. The election of 1994 resulted in a change in government with the African National Congress (ANC) coming to power. The ANC retained power after subsequent elections in 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, and 2019.
What happened on the 21 March?
Martin Luther King Jr. led 3,000 civil rights demonstrators in a march in Alabama from Selma to Montgomery under the protection of army units deployed by President Lyndon B. … Moreover, North Vietnamese armies invaded areas of South Vietnam. In Cambodia, 70 were killed and 120 persons were wounded.
How did the police react to the high school learners that were demonstrating?
When high-school students in Soweto started protesting for better education on 16 June 1976, police responded with teargas and live bullets. … In the 1980s very little education at all took place in the Bantu Education system, which was the target of almost continuous protest.
Who started apartheid in South Africa?
When did apartheid start? Racial segregation had long existed in white minority-governed South Africa, but the practice was extended under the government led by the National Party (1948–94), and the party named its racial segregation policies apartheid (Afrikaans: “apartness”).