In Morocco they call them the occupied “Sebtah and Melilah”. The rest of the world knows them as the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa.
Were there any Spanish colonies in Africa?
The effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century. North Morocco, Ifni, the Tarfaya region, Western Sahara, and the territories of early-21st-century Equatorial Guinea comprised what broadly could be defined as Spanish colonial Africa.
Why does Spain have land in Africa?
For centuries, Ceuta and Melilla were vital port cities, offering protection for Spanish ships and acting as trading posts between Europe and Africa. … When Morocco gained independence in 1956, following more than four decades of rule by Spain and France, Spain refused to include Ceuta and Melilla in the handover.
What part of Africa is Spanish?
Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa where Spanish is an official language. The country is found in central Africa and occupies an area of 11,000 square miles. The country had a population of 1,222,245 as of 2015.
Is there a Spanish town in Africa?
Melilla, an exclave, is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being Ceuta. It was part of the Province of Málaga until 14 March 1995, when the Statute of Autonomy of Melilla was passed.
Why didn’t Spain have colonies in Africa?
Spain didn’t colonize outside of North Africa for several reasons. 1) They didn’t have to, since they had far more lucrative colonies in the New World. These had incredibly arable land, and brought in more money than colonies in Africa would.
Did Africa ever invade Spain?
1. The Spanish occupation by the Moors began in 711 AD when an African army, under their leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa and invaded the Iberian peninsula ‘Andalus’ (Spain under the Visigoths).
Does Spain Touch Africa?
It belongs to Spain. It’s a small city called Melilla. And it’s one of two Spanish enclaves in Morocco, marking Europe’s only land border with Africa.
Which African country is closest to Italy?
What is tunisia? Definition: African country closest to Italian shores. Arab League member.
Which country in Africa is closest to Europe?
As the closest European country to the African continent, Spain is on the frontline for illegal migration. From there, migrants often make their way to other European countries. Spain’s enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in northern Morocco are initial targets for many migrants.
Why did Spain want Africa?
The main goal of the Scramble of Africa was to gain power by conquering land and to distribute the wealth that is being a white man. … This would then explain as to why Spain had limited colonization in Africa, with two general territories being Morocco and the Western Sahara.
What two countries in Africa speak Spanish?
Equatorial Guinea or the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is named for its location – near the Gulf of Guinea and the Equator. It is the only African country with Spanish as its official language.
How many countries in Africa is Spanish the official language?
However, there is only one country in Africa where Spanish is recognized as an official language.
Why is Melilla Spanish?
Melilla was the first Spanish town to rise against the Popular Front government in July 1936, thus helping precipitate the Spanish Civil War. Melilla was retained by Spain as an exclave when Morocco attained independence in 1956.
Is Melilla Spain safe?
Melilla is a safe city to visit, though not unconditionally so. There are always lots of people enjoying the beach, etc. until late; though it is not advisable to travel alone at night, even in the city centre. Street robbery is not an uncommon occurrence for people walking alone at night in Melilla.
Is part of Morocco Spanish?
When Spain recognized the independence of Spanish Morocco in 1956, Ceuta and the other plazas de soberanía remained under Spanish rule. Spain considered them integral parts of the Spanish state, but Morocco has disputed this point. Culturally, modern Ceuta is part of the Spanish region of Andalusia.