What are the vegetation zones in Africa?
From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.
Why does Africa have so many different vegetation zones?
Prolonged exposure to cool, dry conditions expanded more arid ecosystems (deserts and savannas) to the north and south and contracted forested regions, while shifts to warm, moist conditions gave rise to expansive rainforests across the equator, woodlands to the north and south, and the contraction of arid zones ( …
How is the vegetation in Africa?
Africa’s vegetation—like its climate—is almost mirrored north and south of the equator. Africa’s vegetation consists of grasslands, rain forests, and a wide variety of other plant life.
Where is the most vegetation in Africa?
In fact only a small percentage of Africa, along the Guinea Coast and in the Zaire River Basin, are rainforests. Most of Africa’s forests, like the forests of Europe a nd North America, have been cut or burned by humans to create farmland. The largest vegetation zone in Africa is tropical grassland, known as savanna.
What are 4 general vegetation types found in Africa?
Thorn woodland, grassland, and semidesert vegetation.
Why does Africa have no vegetation?
The vegetation of Africa follows very closely the distribution of heat and moisture. The northern and southern temperate zones have a flora distinct from that of the continent generally, which is tropical. … The zones of minimum rainfall have a very scanty flora, consisting of plants adapted to resist the great dryness.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
What are the 4 main climate zones in Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
What are the 5 climate zones in Africa?
These are the hot desert, semiarid, tropical wet-and-dry, equatorial (tropical wet), Mediterranean, humid subtropical marine, warm temperate upland, and mountain regions.
What is the largest climatic feature in Africa?
The Sahara Desert in North Africa is the largest hot desert in the world and is one of the hottest, driest and sunniest places on Earth.
Why is Africa called the plateau continent?
why is africa called the plateau continent ? africa is called the plateau continent because much of the continent is made up of raised, mostly level areas of land that drop of sharply near the sea.
How does the climate influence the vegetation of Africa?
Plant life is influenced by the amount of rainfall. … In some areas, like the Sahel zone, there are large differences in rainfall every year. In the last decades droughts have caused hunger and starvation in many part of the Sahel and Ethiopia. Rainfall influences Africa’s agriculture.
Does Africa have tigers?
Tigers as we know them, you see, have never lived in the wild in Africa. … Lions, leopards and tigers are all part of the Felidae family of cats, which originated in Africa and share a common ancestor.
Which is the longest river of Africa?
Nile River: Longest river in Africa ‘Blue Nile River Dam’ dey cause Egypt-Ethiopia kasala – Read wetin you need to know.
What percentage of Africa is rainforest?
Africa is home to around 18% of the world’s tropical forests. The second largest tropical forest on the planet is located in the Congo Basin in central Africa and extends for around 3 million square kilometres – which is larger than the entire land mass of Argentina.