How did improved agricultural technology spread throughout much of Sub Saharan Africa? Sub-Saharan African technology spread through Bantu migrations. … What caused increased agricultural outputs in China between 600-1200 CE? A system called equal-field.
How did agriculture spread in Africa?
From 3000 BCE to 1000 BCE, the practice of farming spread across West Africa. They grew millet and sorghum (plants used for grain and fodder), and later began growing a special strain of rice native to Africa. … These migrants were the Bantu people, who spread farming across the rest of the continent.
What technology did the Bantu people spread as they migrated throughout Sub Saharan Africa?
Bantu-speakers in West Africa moved into new areas in very small groups, usually just families. But they brought with them the Bantu technology and language package—iron, crops, cattle, pottery, and more. These pioneers then shared their more advanced technologies (and, in the process, their languages) with the locals.
Did Sub Saharan Africa have agriculture?
ABSTRACT. Agricultural production in sub-Saharan Africa has, in recent times, remained lower than the rest of the world. Many attribute this to factors inherent to Africa and its people, such as climate, soil quality, slavery and disease.
Why did improved agricultural technology spread through Africa after 1200?
By 1200 c.e. improved agricultural technology had spread throughout much of sub-saharan africa primarily through the (a) development of oxen immune to diseases carried by the tsetse fly (b) discovery of gold that provided a means of exchange among groups (c) expansion of the sahara desert, which forced berber peoples …
How did farming spread from Middle East to Africa?
The latest study also finds traces of the diverse foundations of farming beyond Europe. Iranian farmers moved north into the Eurasian steppe and eastwards into present-day India and Pakistan. Southern Levant farmers made a trek to Africa, perhaps bringing new farming traditions to East Africa.
Where did agriculture begin in Africa?
The first agriculture in Africa began in the heart of the Sahara Desert, which in 5200 BC was far more moist and densely populated than today. Several native species were domesticated, most importantly pearl millet, sorghum and cowpeas, which spread through West Africa and the Sahel.
What was the impact of the Bantu migrations on Sub-Saharan Africa?
During the thousands of years of Bantu migration, a variety of crops, livestock, agricultural technologies (especially iron farming tools) spread in sub-Saharan Africa, greatly promoting the development of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa.
What was the significance of the Bantu migrations in sub-Saharan Africa?
The Bantu migration was also associated with the spread of new technology such as iron smelting, pottery making, house construction, and the spread of Bantu languages (Phillipson 1977a, 2005; Vansina 1994; Mapunda 2002).
How did the Bantu peoples influence Sub-Saharan Africa?
The Bantu Expansion: How Bantu People Changed Sub-Saharan Africa. By Madison Moulton. … These migrants changed population demographics, spread farming across sub-equatorial Africa, introduced iron technology, and built powerful states that continue to influence the African continent today.
What is the difference between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa?
North Africa is predominantly Arab and relatively more developed. Many residents identify more with the Middle East than they do with the larger part of the continent. … But when it comes to an African identity, some sub-Saharan Africans believe they have more claim to the continent than their northern counterparts.
What crops are grown in sub-Saharan Africa?
Although maize, sorghum and millet are widespread, root crops such as yams and cassava are more important. Intercropping is common, and a wide range of crops is grown and marketed.
When did sub-Saharan agriculture start?
Pastoralism was the earliest form of food production in sub-Saharan Africa, developing first in North Africa c. 8,000 years ago, 1 and gradually spreading southwards during the early to mid-Holocene while rainfall across the Sahara was significantly higher than it is today.
Why did civilization not develop in Africa?
The geography of Africa has also had a big impact with limited farming land and vast tracts of unprofitable land make the development of large civilizations difficult except in very localised areas (such as the Nile valley) – a civilization can only become truly developed when there are surpluses of food and other …
How did the development of agricultural innovations occur in sub Saharan Africa?
Bantu-speaking people migrated east and south from southern Nigeria or Cameroon, absorbing, killing, or displacing indigenous Paleolithic peoples. How did the development of agricultural innovations occur in sub-Saharan Africa? … They relied more on hunting and fishing than peoples with domesticated animals.
How did trade affect Nubia and North Africa?
How did trade affect Nubia and North Africa? Trade brought contact with other regions, people, and ideas, but also a rivalry with Egypt and conflict over the control of each region’s natural resources. … Nubians adopted many Egyptian traditions when they were under Egypt’s control.